King Ezra's War
Settlers of the New World
Date 10 June 1668 - 11 March 1676
Location Borealia (Nauset Bay, Unamia, New Haven,
New Berkshire), New Netherlands

Result English Victory
  • Treaty of Westminster (1675)
  • Treaty of Lowell (1676)
Miskwà Confederacy
  • Unami
  • Montaucett
  • Niphegan
  • Narrabesic


Supported by:
Statenvlag Dutch Republic

Flag of England England

New England combo flag Borealian Confederation


Commanders and leaders
Wamsutta (Ezra)

Sassacusca †
Wessoum †

Statenvlag Peter Stuyvesant
Statenvlag Cornelis van Tienhoven
Statenvlag Abraham Crijnssen

New England blank flag Joseph Bradstreet

New England blank flag Thomas Winslow
New England blank flag John Lathrop †
Unamia Flag David Leslie
Unamia Flag Jeremy Clarke
New Berkshire attempt George Neale

16,000 Natives

5,000 Native Warriors
20,000 Dutch colonists
4,000 Militia
1,000 Dutch soldiers

70,000 English colonists

14,000 Militia
1,000 Native Warriors

Casualties and losses
2,500 combatant deaths

2,500 other casualties
6,000 civilian deaths

1,600 combatant deaths
1,500 other casualties
1,000 civilian deaths

2,700 combatant deaths

2,000 other casualties
2,000 civilian deaths

King Ezra's War (1668 - 1676), also known as Wamsutta's War, among other names (see below), was an armed conflict between the native American inhabitants of the Borealian region of North America, versus English colonists and their native allies. The war is named for sachem Wamsutta of the Unami tribe, who the English nicknamed King Ezra, who formally had good relations with the English during the reign of Wamsutta's father Ousamequin.

Prior to the war Ousamequin had maintained a long-standing alliance with the colonists at Nauset Bay, as well as Unamia. The latter of which had purchased its land from a native chieftain, and traded extensively with the Unami. After Ousamequin's death, however, relations broke down. Wamsutta was Ousamequin's youngest son, and only ascended to the throne of the Unami after the English arrested his older brother. Additionally the English began to demand the natives disarm themselves, while also encroaching further into their territory. Instead Wamsutta began preparing for war, forming the Miskwà Confederacy, which included the Unami, Montaucett, Niphegan, and Narrabesic. Additionally he managed to ally with the Nashua, Pennimac, Arosganok later.

Wamsutta's invasion began in 1668, catching the English by surprise, and raiding as far east as Concord before being repulsed. His war would become heavily intertwined in the Anglo-Dutch Wars as he attracted the support of the Dutch Republic, as well as some support from France in the north. As a result by 1672 full scale war had broken out between the Dutch settlers of New Netherlands and the English.

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