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The ideaEdit

A puppet state is a metaphor of a state that is supposedly independent but is in fact dependent upon an outside power. It is nominally sovereign but effectively controlled by a foreign or otherwise alien power, for reasons such as financial interests.

A puppet state preserves the external paraphernalia of independence like a name, flag, anthem, constitution, law codes and motto but in reality is an organ of another state which created or sponsored the government. Puppet states are not recognized as legitimate under international law.

Etymology of the termEdit

In the Middle Ages vassal states existed which were based on delegation of rule of a country from a King to noble men of lower rank. Since the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 the concept of a nation came into existence where sovereignty was connected more to the people who inhabited the land than to the nobility who owned the land. The term is a metaphor which compares a state or government to a puppet controlled by an outside puppeteer using strings. The first recorded use of the term "puppet government" is from 1884, in reference to the Khedivate of Egypt.

Examples (according to Wikipedia)Edit

AlgeriaEdit

  1. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic – The Polisario Front's government-in-exile.

ArmeniaEdit

  1. Nagorno-Karabakh Republic functions as a de facto part of Armenia.

TurkeyEdit

  1. Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus – According to the European Court of Human Rights, Republic of Cyprus remains the sole legitimate government in Cyprus and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus should be considered as a puppet state under Turkish effective control.

RussiaEdit

  1. Abkhazia is sometimes considered a puppet state that depends on Russia
  2. South Ossetia has declared independence but its ability to maintain independence is solely based on Russian troops deployed on its territory.
  3. Transnistria – Created by Igor Smirnov and supported by Vladimir Antyufeyev and Alexander Lebed.
  4. Donetsk People's Republic – Created by Alexander Borodai and Igor Girkin.
  5. Lugansk People's Republic – Created by Valery Bolotov and Mikhail Kozitsyn.

Examples (not according to Wikipedia)Edit

USAEdit

  1. Afghanistan, Egypt, Pakistan, Yemen, Libya (pro-Western factions), Saudi Arabia, Iraq's Pro-Western government, Kuwait, Bahrain and U.A.E. according to LewRockwell.com.
  2. Iraq's Pro-Western government and Puerto Rico according to www.reddit.com.

RussiaEdit

  1. The CIS member states (especially, Belarus (by economic blackmail), Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and (by force) Ukraine) according to www.wupr.org.
  2. Belarus according to www.reddit.com.

ChinaEdit

  1. N. Korea according to a 2017 U.S. Congressional Report.

Saudi ArabiaEdit

  1. Bahrain, UAE and Qatar according to www.reddit.com.

USAEdit

  1. UK, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, Germany, Taiwan, S. Korea and Japan according to N. Korea.

Examples (according to empirical evidence)Edit

UK and GermanyEdit

  1. Eritrea.

Russia\CubaEdit

  1. Venezuela

UK and USAEdit

  1. South Sudan

IndiaEdit

  1. S. Africa

AustraliaEdit

  1. Nauru
  2. PNG

ZimbabweEdit

  1. S. Africa

USA\Israel\TurkeyEdit

  1. The FSA part of Syria

Russia\IranEdit

  1. Ba'athist Syria

VenezuelaEdit

  1. Bolivia

Venezuela\CubaEdit

  1.  Bolivia
  2.  Ecuador
  3.  Nicaragua

RussiaEdit

  1. Turkey
  2. Venezuela
  3. Russia
  4. Beloruss
  5. North Ossetia
  6. Novo-Rossia
  7. Abkhazia
  8. Germany
  9. Hungary
  10. Italy
  11. USA (but President Donald J. trump denounced it and betrayed Russia).

GermanyEdit

  1. Austria
  2. Poland
  3. Greece

USAEdit

  1. UK
  2. Taiwan
  3. S. Korea
  4. Colombia

UK\Germany\USAEdit

  1. The Somali Pirates.

Ethiopia\KenyaEdit

  1. The offical goverment of Somalia.

N. KoreaEdit

  1. Myamar

Examples (according to popular zeitgeist)Edit

USA\Israel\TurkeyEdit

  1. The FSA part of Syria

Russia\IranEdit

  1. Ba'athist Syria

RussiaEdit

  1. Venezuela

Russia\CubaEdit

  1. Venezuela

China\RussiaEdit

  1. N. Korea

China\UKEdit

  1. Zimbabwe

AustraliaEdit

  1. Nauru
  2. PNG

ZimbabweEdit

  1. S. Africa

Venezuela\CubaEdit

  1.  Antigua and Barbuda
  2.  Bolivia
  3.  Dominica
  4.  Ecuador
  5.  Grenada
  6.  Nicaragua
  7.  Saint Kitts and Nevis
  8.  Saint Lucia
  9.  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Saudi ArabiaEdit

  1. Qatar (by economic black mail)
  2. Bahrain (by force)
  3. Kuwait
  4. Egypt

USAEdit

  1. Colombia
  2. Qatar (by economic black mail)
  3. Bahrain (by force)
  4. Kuwait
  5. UAE
  6. Iraq (pro-Western factions)
  7. Afghanistan (pro-Western factions)
  8. Libya (pro-Western factions)
  9. Egypt
  10. Brazil

UK\USA\IsraelEdit

  1. Jordan

UK\USAEdit

  1. Pakistan

Ethiopia\KenyaEdit

  1. The official government faction of Somalia.

N. KoreaEdit

  1. Myamar

Also seeEdit

  1. Elections
  2. Rogue state
  3. Nations

SourcesEdit

  1. https://www.wikiwand.com/simple/Puppet_state
  2. http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/PuppetState
  3. https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/puppet%20state
  4. http://www.audioenglish.org/dictionary/puppet_state.htm
  5. http://www.msn.com/en-za/news/other/at-worst-we-were-naive-bell-pottinger-ceo-tells-bbc/ar-AApjjXq
  6. http://af.reuters.com/article/africaTech/idAFKBN1AI1EM-OZATP?feedType=RSS&feedName=topNews&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+reuters%2FAFRICATopNews+%28News+%2F+AFRICA+%2F+Top+News%29&utm_content=Yahoo+Search+Results
  7. https://za.investing.com/news/stock-market-news/gupta-brother-says-south-africa-influence-peddling-emails-are-fake-502445
  8. http://www.msn.com/en-za/money/news/sarb-just-one-major-successful-prosecution-in-5-years/ar-AApfW45?li=BBqfZdL
  9. http://www.msn.com/en-za/news/featured/bell-pottinger-fallout-continues-as-hearings-set-to-kick-off-in-uk/ar-AApbUEm
  10. https://www.wikiwand.com/simple/Puppet_state
  11. http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/PuppetState
  12. https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/puppet%20state
  13. http://www.audioenglish.org/dictionary/puppet_state.htm
  14. http://www.msn.com/en-za/news/featured/guptas-turning-entire-state-into-corruption-enterprise/ar-AAoXbUX
  15. http://www.msn.com/en-in/sports/cricket/india-vs-sri-lanka-3rd-test-stats-india-register-biggest-away-win/ar-AAp1mjQ?ocid=ob-tw-enin-476
  16. http://www.msn.com/en-za/money/news/visa-reforms-set-to-boost-tourism-industry/ar-AAphYF2
  17. http://www.msn.com/en-za/news/featured/guptas-turning-entire-state-into-corruption-enterprise/ar-AAoXbUX
  18. http://af.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idAFKBN1AI0R0
  19. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India%E2%80%93South_Africa_relations
  20. https://sports.yahoo.com/du-plessis-urges-south-africa-elgar-lead-england-014032547--spt.html
  21. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-brics-idUSKBN1AI0O2
  22. https://www.cnet.com/au/news/meet-ubers-private-security-firm-in-south-africa/
  23. http://www.christianpost.com/news/fastest-growing-refugee-crisis-nearly-a-million-south-sudanese-flee-to-uganda-194132/
  24. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=57300#.WYKA19Tyvcs
  25. https://www.concern.net/where-we-work/africa/somalia
  26. http://http//donate.oxfam.org.uk/emergency/eastafrica?pscid=ps_msn_emergencies_eastafrica_generic&pscid=ps_msn_bing_DR_TV_OxfamBucket&utm_source=bing&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=Emergency_EastAfrica_Generic&utm_term=aid%20somalia&utm_content=Somalia_aid_exact&gclid=CIG_5av5udUCFcsJGwodtoAHAw&gclsrc=ds
  27. https://www.unicef.org.uk/donate/east-africa/?utm_source=bing&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=ZZ-South%20Sudan-Generic-Broad&utm_term=%2Bsouth%20%2Bsudan%20%2Baid&utm_content=south%20sudan%20aid
  28. https://www.usaid.gov/crisis/south-sudan
  29. http://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/yemen-africa-crisis-largest-world-aid-agencies-say-n784316
  30. https://www.usaid.gov/south-sudan
  31. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jul/02/aidworkers-warn-of-devastating-cholera-outbreak-in-south-sudan
  32. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/aug/15/south-sudan-aid-worker-rape-attack-united-nations-un
  33. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_aid_to_Sudan
  34. http://www.latimes.com/world/la-fg-eritrea2oct02-story.html
  35. https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Foreign_aid_to_Eritrea
  36. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/
  37. http://www.qsl.net/eritrea/eritrea_2.html
  38. https://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2854.htm
  39. http://dfat.gov.au/geo/eritrea/Pages/eritrea.aspx
  40. https://www.state.gov/p/af/ci/er/
  41. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3024435/UK-annual-spending-overseas-aid-extra-1billion-new-EU-rules.html
  42. https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Foreign_aid_to_Eritrea
  43. http://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-is-a-puppet-government.html
  44. https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puppet_state
  45. https://www.reddit.com/r/explainlikeimfive/comments/4igyyx/eli5_what_are_some_examples_of_modern_puppet/
  46. https://narwhal8915.wordpress.com/2014/06/
  47. http://www.wupr.org/2014/03/16/the-modern-puppet-state/
  48. https://www.quora.com/Why-was-Manchuria-considered-to-be-a-puppet-state-when-China-was-already-the-puppet-state-of-Western-powers
  49. https://www.chinahighlights.com/beijing/attraction/china-puppet-theater.htm
  50. https://www.ebay.com/p/China-Japanese-Puppet-States-Reformed-Govt-Of-China-10-Fen-1940/102102020
  51. https://www.quora.com/Why-was-Manchuria-considered-to-be-a-puppet-state-when-China-was-already-the-puppet-state-of-Western-powers
  52. http://www.made-in-china.com/products-search/hot-china-products/Puppet.html
  53. https://www.reddit.com/r/hoi4/comments/4o3to8/how_can_i_give_provinces_to_a_puppet/
  54. https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puppet_state
  55. https://www.quora.com/Is-South-Korea-a-puppet-state-of-the-US
  56. http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/1209719-china-props-up-north-korea-says-congressional-report/
  57. http://www.wupr.org/2014/03/16/the-modern-puppet-state/
  58. http://www.lemonde.fr/afrique/article/2017/02/06/le-maroc-ne-reconnaitra-jamais-la-republique-sahraouie-selon-un-ministre_5075143_3212.html
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  61. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=puppet&allowed_in_frame=0
  62. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=L7UOyPGYBkwC&pg=PA81&dq=&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false
  63. http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng#
  64. https://books.google.gr/books?id=4ph_D_aYHNMC&pg=PA146&lpg=PA146&dq=puppet+state+trnc&source=bl&ots=4LiN-7opEU&sig=1zfrjnnAdwUsPiMdTh7s2AKVxRg&hl=el&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjqqtm23aLVAhXC0RQKHV0RAJoQ6AEIYjAG#v=onepage&q=puppet%20state%20trnc&f=false
  65. http://www.thecommentator.com/article/1272/georgia_and_russia_the_occupation_too_many_have_forgotten
  66. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/#section-world
  67. https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Europe/2014/0305/Is-Transnistria-the-ghost-of-Crimea-s-future-video
  68. https://www.ft.com/content/db589e94-a602-11e4-9bd3-00144feab7de
  69. https://books.google.gr/books?id=ENeSDQAAQBAJ&pg=PA58&lpg=PA58&dq=puppet+state+trnc&source=bl&ots=3XapsbISz2&sig=UkM53QW6A3m7MG_cq6z0cnuYIJ0&hl=el&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwimsN7F4aLVAhUKXhQKHcbTAxEQ6AEIVDAE#v=onepage&q=puppet%20state%20trnc&f=false
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  73. http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/PuppetState
  74. https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/puppet%20state
  75. http://www.audioenglish.org/dictionary/puppet_state.htm
  76. https://www.yahoo.com/news/north-korea-labels-britain-one-110008085.html
  77. https://www.lewrockwell.com/2014/06/jack-d-douglas/us-puppet-regimes-in-the-muslim-world/
  78. https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/7x95wg/why-the-trump-putin-bromance-could-be-in-serious-trouble
  79. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puppet_state
  80. https://www.quora.com/Is-Canada-a-puppet-of-the-U-S
  81. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/defying-international-calls-venezuela-holds-contentious-election/2017/07/30/be3cd614-7089-11e7-8c17-533c52b2f014_story.html?utm_term=.8c17385eddb1
  82. https://popularresistance.org/who-are-the-puppets-that-control-the-media-and-politicians/
  83. https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/7x95wg/why-the-trump-putin-bromance-could-be-in-serious-trouble
  84. https://waitbutwhy.com/table/calexit
  85. https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/world-pop-by-political-regime?stackMode=relative
  86. http://abc7news.com/politics/exclusive-leader-of-calexit-movement-called-into-question-for-ties-to-russia/1752988/
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